Research Findings:

  • Studies consistently find that children with bi-nuclear families are as a group somewhat worse off than children of intact families.

~   Problems include: difficulty in school, behavior problems, negative self-concepts, problems with peers, and trouble with parents.

  • Careful review reveals that the majority of children with bi-nuclear families do not have serious problems which require professional help.
  • Most of the children with problems serious enough to require professional intervention are from bi-nuclear families.
  • Causes of these types of problems include:

~   Parental Loss – loss of (or minimized) contact with one parent also includes loss of the knowledge, skills and resources (emotional, financial, etc.) of that parent.

~   Economic Loss – single/divorced parents generally have fewer economic resources than married/partnered parents.

~   Life Stress – The end of a parenting partnership impacts a child’s living situations such as changing schools, child care, homes, etc. Children often also have to make adjustments to changes in relationships with friends and extended family members.

~   Poor Parental Adjustment – generally, how children fare in families is due in part to the mental health of the parents.

~   Lack of Parental Competence – much of what happens to children in general is related to the skill of parents in helping them develop.

~   Exposure to Conflict between Parents –the degree to which children are exposed to conflict has been found to have a substantial effect on children’s well-being.

Source:    Robert Hughes, Jr., Ph.D., The Effects of Divorce on Children (2005).


The safety of clients, ourselves, and colleagues is our top priority while we remain available to assist you as you navigate the new and uncharted territory caused by the coronavirus pandemic.


Offering All Services Virtually

While providing virtual ADR services was not part of our plan, we have made the necessary accommodations to ensure we can continue to serve our clients during these unsettling times. All services are currently available through virtually. We are using Zoom for videoconferencing. We suggest that you download this app to your phone or the program to your computer at


Limited In-Person Services

We have resumed limited in-person services for sessions with 1 or 2 participants scheduled for a maximum of 2 hours. Masks are required in our building and in session. Availability is subject to change based on local regulations and CDC guidelines.


Office Hours

Our office hours remain the same and we remain available by phone and email. The main office number is 952.252.1492. Gabe can be reached via email at


New Clients Welcome

We offer free 1-hour divorce consultations via Zoom. Potential PC and PTE clients are invited to schedule a free 15-minute phone call. Please call 952.252.1492 to set up an appointment. We are here to help!

Thank you for your patience and understanding as we all continue to adapt to these rapidly changing and chaotic times. Stay strong, stay resilient, and stay healthy!


Amber Serwat & Gabe Frye
ADR Professional & ADR Assistant

Divorce Mediation & Dispute Resolution Services - Amber Serwat Mediation

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